Tuesday, February 24, 2009

this is the schematic for the me262 the first oprashnle jet firghter

this flat top ship is the kaga navle ship

these are some jap navel ships

this is a pitcher of some f6fs planes to help the ground troops on iwo jima

Operation Overlord; Normandy

Operation Overlord, Normandy (also known as D-Day: the first day of any military operation) has come to be the greatest single Allied operation of World War II.

Operation overlord was the code name for the invasion of northwest Europe during World War II by allied forces. The operation began with the Normandy Landings on June 6th 1944 (D-Day). Nearly 160,000 troops crossed the English Channel on June 6th, and more than 3 million troops had landed by the end of August.

On June 6, 1944, D day, the day of invasion for Overlord had come. The U.S. First Army, under Gen. Omar N. Bradley, and the British Second Army, under Gen. Miles C. Dempsey, established beachheads in Normandy on the French channel coast. The German resistance was strong, and the footholds for Allied armies were not nearly as good as they had expected. Nevertheless, the powerful counterattack with which Hitler had proposed to throw the Allies off the beaches did not materialize, neither on D day nor later. Enormous Allied air superiority over northern France made it difficult for Rommel, who was in command on the scene, to move his limited reserves. Moreover, Hitler became convinced that the Normandy landings were a feint and the main assault would come north of the Seine River. Consequently, he refused to release the divisions he had there and insisted on drawing in reinforcements from more distant areas. By the end of June, 850,000 men and 150,000 vehicles were ashore in Normandy.


Women in the War Effort

When the United States finally joined the Allie's, they realized the vast responsibility in front of them. Not only were they fighting to reinforce European countries, but they were also waging a war against Japan. This task would require thousands of men to fight over seas. However, the countries that they were aiding were in no condition to assist them with resources of any kind. With no one left at home to make ammunition and other supplies, the government launched a campaign to the women of America to join the war effort.

This first image on the left is an example of the propaganda that was plastered everywhere across America, from magazine articles to posters in store windows.

The image on the right was created by Lawrence Wilbur in 1944. This poster was especially motivating to women because despite the fact that the woman in the picture is working and has a job, she isn't compromising her femininity and beauty. Like the first one, the poster suggests that women should get war jobs for the men that they write to weekly and pray for daily.
"We Can Do It" and Rosie the Riveter would go down in history as one of the most famous of all WWII propaganda. For the campaign to the women of the country it would become the most recognized of all posters across the country. The original was produced by Westinghouse for war production. this picture depicts the strength and beauty and brawn of the women who were already working. it encouraged women all over the country to help. "We Can Do It"!
America's sweetheart became another of the poster girls for the women worker efforts. In this poster we see Miss America working at a typewriter. This image was produced by the Royal Typewriter Company

The picture to the left shows us that women not only were taking care of things on the home front, they were in the military as well.

This link will take you to a list of links to articles about women and all their roles in WWII.
This link talks about the role of women in the Army Corps.
This is a link to a news cast, that was broad casted during the war, by a women about working women.
This link is about women's role in the air force as pilots and manufacturers
This link goes to an essay that focuses about how life for women changed during and after the war.

Question and Answers

Q: True or False; Women only worked at home during WWII.

A: False; They also served over seas in the military.

Q: Was propoganda effective in recruiting women in the war?

A: Yes, it played to women's sympathy and persuaded them to join the home front forces!

Q: Did the women's role change after the war?

A: Yes, women were no longer considered as only homemakers, they had jobs and helped society. They also became more respected.

Clarissa Keate and Sarah Robison

Navajo Code Talkers

Here is a photo of Eight Code Talkers. John Goodluck is in the bottom row, second from right In A league of their own, the Navajo code talkers were a substantial necessity for the fight to win WWII. Because of a lack of alphabet,symbols,and an unwritten language, it made deciphering impossible for the Japanese.At the beginning of the war, there were only 30 non Navajos who could speak the language, and not all of them were fluent. Phillip Johnston was one of those who spoke fluently, a veteran of WWI, he grew up on a Navajo reservation. He was the mastermind of using Navajo for coding.Unlike other codes that took hours to decode, the Navajo code took mere minutes. This idea was vital to making a congruent code.
Pfc. Preston Toledo and Pfc. Frank Toledo, in the Marine artillery division, decode in their native tongue.

(Pictured here are Cpl. Henry Blake,Jr.,and
Pfc George H. Kirkof code talkers on the battle front
relaying secret orders over the
battle field)

Here is an overview article about the Navajo code talkers.

Here is an poster of the names of all the Code talkers


Q-Who Came up with the idea of using Navajo as a code?
- Philip Johnston.

Q- Why was the code successful?
-Lack of alphabet, symbols, and an unwritten language.

Q- Who was the code meant to fool?
- The Japanese.

The Navajo code talkers, were one of the main reasons that U.S secrets stayed that way. WIthout any form of alphabet the Japenese, had the worst time trying to decode the messages.

The Navajo Code Talkers

The Navajo Code Talkers were a vital part of World War II. Without them the war may have had a drastically different outcome. The Code Talkers were a group of Navajos put into six different military divisions whose simple job was to speak their own language. They used their own language and transformed it into a code that would never be broken by any code breaker. The idea to use the Navajo language was presented by Philip Johnston, a World War I veteran who lived among the Navajo when his was a missionary to them. Johnston came up with the idea when he saw in a newspaper that a Louisiana division was trying to develop an uncrackable code. Johnston promoted the idea of utilizing the Navajo language to the government, but they unsure of the idea because the Japanese had sent people over to study Cherokee and Choctaw languages, but they forgot the Navajo language.

(A primary source of a picture of Philip Johnston with a Navajo Code Talker during the 1940's)

Philip Johnston's reasons for promoting the use of the Navajo language was because it was an unwritten language and was extremely complex to anyone without extensive training in the language. The Navajos created a system of messaging by sending messages of seemingly unrelated Navajo words. However, those words would translate to ant, apple, axe, etc. Then the first letter of each word they translated to would correspond with a letter of the English Alphabet (ex. the Navajo word Wol-la-chee would translate to ant which would correspond with the letter A.)

Below is a link to a primary source of their language, a Navajo Code Talker Dictionary revised in 1945:

The first Navajo code talkers were a group of 29 who developed the language while attending boot camp. The whole entire dictionary of their code had to be memorized during camp.

During the war, the ranks of the Navajo code talkers exceeded 400 during 1942-1945. They were credited with saving numerous lives and helping to bring about a quick end to World War II.

( Primary source of World War II Navajo code talker in 1943 using a walky-talky.)

The strength of the Navajos' code was unparalleled. The code was nearly so unbreakable that it baffled even the most skilled Japanese code breakers. Because of that code the outcome of the war was drastically different and the Navajo Code Talkers were honored for their great service in the war.

(Pictures of Navajo Code Talkers exchanging code. Click Above to view top picture primary source. Click Below to view bottom picture primary source.)

Links to Secondary Sources






Quiz Questions

1. Who promoted the idea of using the idea of using the Navajo language as a code?

2. When did the Navajo code talker units serve in the war?

3. How many different divisions did the Navajos serve in?


1. Philip Johnston

2. 1942-1945

3. Six

island hopping campaign in the pacific

The picture above is of Hiroshima after the atomic bomb in 1945.
Island Hopping: Island hopping was a strategy used by allies to capture islands one after another until Japan came in range of American bombers. The United States hopped to many islands including:
New Georgia:8/5/1943
Bougainville:attacked 11/1/1943
Gilbert Islands:end of 1943
Marshall Islands:attacked 1/31/1944
Philippines:attacked 7/5/1944
Iwo Jima/Okinawa:attacked 2/19/1945
Hiroshima:attacked 8/6/1945

These islands are just some of the important battles that happened from 1942-1945. The island hopping campaign was lead by General Douglas MacArthur, Commander of the Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific, and Admiral Chester W. Nimitz.

Zoot Suit Riots

38st Gang

Zoot Suit Riots

By Tyson Brittain

and Orlando Carreno

Originally the zoot suit cultures was initially an african american youth fashion, wery connected to the jazz culture. The zoot suit was abdopted by a generation of mexican american kids, who made it their own.The Zoot Suit Roits was when Tensions Between Serivicemen Stationed in the southern california and los angeles community. A group of white sailer went a bet up a group of young latinos.
The 38st gang was the group that had it the hardest becaused the lived the closets. Any one with a zoot suit was the ones that the service men were attacking and killing.